Daniel Bernoulli

With the dawn of the company in 2005, Bernoulli Watches has prided itself on being at the forefront of watch innovation. With complex quartz movements, every Bernoulli watch grants you a fascinating glimpse into the intricate world of modern watchmaking. In fact, the name Bernoulli has a celebrated, prominent lineage of creative thinking and distinguished cogitation.

Daniel Bernoulli, son of Johann Bernoulli, was born in Groningen, Netherlands while his father held the chair of mathematics there. Unfortunately, Daniel was not only born into a family of leading mathematicians, but also into one of rivalry, jealousy and bitterness.

Johann's own father, Daniel's grandfather, had tried to force Johann into a business career, which he resisted strongly. Ironically, Johann tried the same strategy with Daniel. Daniel was sent to Basel University at the age of 13 to study philosophy and logic. He obtained his baccalaureate examinations and went on to earn his master's degree in 1716. Daniel, like his father, wanted to study mathematics instead, and so while he studied philosophy at Basel, he also learned calculus from his father and his older brother, Nicolaus. However, Johann declared that there was no money in mathematics, so he sent Daniel back to school to study medicine. By 1720, Daniel was well on his way to completing a doctorate in medicine.

While Daniel completed his doctorate, Johann was willing to expand his son's education of mathematics and so enlightened his son with his theories of kinetic energy. Daniel then applied these theories to his medical studies and wrote his doctoral dissertation on the mechanics of breathing. After receiving his PhD, Daniel applied for three different department chairs at Basel. However, all three positions were chosen by drawing lots and the odds were against him. Having failed to obtain an academic post, Daniel decided to travel to Venice and study practical medicine. While in Venice, Daniel became deathly ill, although he did manage to design an hourglass for sea voyages where the trickle of sand would remain constant even when the ship was rolling in heavy seas. He submitted his work for this breakthrough contraption to the Paris Academy and won a prize for his efforts in 1725.

While in Venice, he published his first mathematical work, Mathematical Exercises, in 1724. It was this work which gained Daniel a great deal of fame and became a major catalyst in his transfer, along with his brother Nicolaus, to St. Petersburg in late 1725. Tragedy struck within 8 months, however, as Nicolaus died of fever. Saddened by this loss, Daniel was also growing unhappy with the harsh climate. He wrote to his father expressing his discomfort, and so Johann arranged for one of his best pupils, Leonard Euler, to go to St Petersburg to work with Daniel in 1727.

Daniel's most important work was written while he was in St Petersburg, which was on hydrodynamics. The term itself is based on the title of the work which he produced called Hydrodynamica and, before he left St Petersburg, Daniel left a draft copy of the book with a printer. However the work was not published until 1738 and although he revised it considerably between 1734 and 1738, the presentation was more refined rather than substance.

After Daniel returned to Basel in 1734, he submitted an entry for the Grand Prize of the Paris Academy on his ideas of astronomy. It just so happened that his father had also entered for the prize and in the end their entries were declared joint winners. Johann was furious with the concept of his son being his intellectual equal. Daniel was banned from his father's house. Between this excommunication by his father and the fact that his new academic position in Basel was a non-mathematical one, Daniel never regained the vigor for mathematical research that he had shown in St Petersburg.

Johann's drive to best his son continued throughout his senior years. Hydrodynamica was finally published in 1738, however the following year Johann published Hydraulica which is largely based on his son's work. Johann even went to the trouble to make it look as if Daniel had based Hydrodynamica on Hydraulica by predating the date of publication on his book to 1732 instead of its real date of 1739. This attempt to gain credit for his son's work exemplified the true depth of a father's jealousy towards his own child.

Daniel produced other excellent scientific works during his final years in Basel. He won the Grand Prize of the Paris Academy 10 times for topics in astronomy and nautical topics. He won in 1740 (jointly with Euler) for work on Newton's theory of the tides; in 1743 and 1746 for essays on magnetism; in 1747 for a method to determine time at sea; in 1751 for an essay on ocean currents; in 1753 for the effects of forces on ships; and in 1757 for proposals to reduce the pitching and tossing of a ship in high seas.

Daniel Bernoulli's legacy has made him one of the most innovative mathematicians and scientists of our time. It's only fitting that in his honor, we present this watch collection created with cutting-edge automatic movements and designs.

Show your appreciation for heritage and intellectual achievement with the avant-garde style of Bernoulli Watches.